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In the Five Dynasties the scale of porcelain manufacturing expanded continuously. In addition, new types of color glaze gradually increased. Archaeological findings indicate that over 20 ancient kilns in the Five Dynasties are scattered along the South River, the Small South River and the old downtown area. In the Five Dynasties, large quantities of celadon wares, and small quantities of fine white porcelain wares and bluish white porcelain wares were manufactured. Common shapes generallyinclude bowls,plates,saucers, and handledewers, all of which are without any decoration. However, in terms of qua- lity, white porcelain and bluish white porcelain were among the top porcelain produced by other kilns nationwide.

五代,景德镇制瓷规模不断扩大,瓷器釉色品 种逐渐增多。考古资料显示,南河、小南河流域及 老城区的五代窑遗址达二十余处,所烧品种主要是 青瓷,亦有为数不多、瓷质上乘的白瓷和青白瓷。 器型常见有碗、盘、碟和执壶,均无装饰纹样。但 白瓷和青白瓷的质地在全国各窑中名列前茅。

 

 

学越窑的青釉瓷

盈田五代青瓷窑址

五代景德镇胎白质坚的白瓷是以瓷石为 原料,烧成温度在1150°C- -1200°C之间,气 孔率仅为0.81%,胎的白度已达70%,已达到 现代瓷标准,是当时全国瓷质最优的产品。 其釉料属重石灰釉,氧化铁含量极低,只有 0.73%,而氧化钙含量却高达10.92%,故釉色 雪白,纯正润泽。 五代景德镇白瓷质量超过邢窑等北方窑 的白瓷,也是我国江南地区最早出现的白瓷。

超刑窑的白瓷


1、碗内底有一圈台阶(俗称月光底),是印模上留下的;
2、白釉瓷碗口沿有的是中间的唇边,这只有在印模.上才能完成,它有克服口部变形的作用;
3、碗、盘的外壁经过印坯后修坯、挖圈足,如不印坯,坯会烧扁,难于修得如此规整。

圆器印坯成型的见证

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